Warsaw Pact

   / Warsaw Treaty Organization
(WTO)
   Created in 1955 as a response to West Germany’s admission to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), the Treaty of Friendship, Cooperation and Mutual Assistance—or as it was known in the West, the Warsaw Treaty Organization (WTO) or Warsaw Pact—was a mutual defense arrangement between the Soviet Union and its allies in the Eastern Bloc. In addition to the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), the original members included Poland, East Germany, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria, and Albania. Despite a pledge of noninterference in the internal affairs of fellow members, the WTO invaded Czechoslovakia in 1968 in response to internal reforms of the Communist Party. As a result of the events of 1989, which saw the end of one-party rule across the Eastern Bloc, the viability of the Warsaw Pact was fundamentally challenged; the reunification of Germany in 1990 only deepened doubts about the WTO’s future. On 1 July 1991, the organization was officially dissolved in Prague. In the wake of its dissolution, a number of former members began talks with NATO, resulting in Hungary, Poland, and the Czech Republic joining the United States–backed security organization in 1999. Former WTO members Slovakia, Romania, and Bulgaria followed suit five years later. Albania, which left the Warsaw Pact in 1968, joined NATO on 1 April 2009.

Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation. . 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Warsaw Pact — see under ↑Warsaw • • • Main Entry: ↑pact Warsaw Pact noun 1. An alliance of E European countries (including the Soviet Union, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, E Germany, Hungary, Poland and Romania) formed in 1955 and disbanded in 1991 2. The military… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Warsaw Pact — Warsaw Pact, the also Warsaw Treaty Organization a group of countries in eastern Europe, including Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland, and the former Soviet Union, which was established in 1955 to oppose ↑NATO during the… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Warsaw Pact — Not to be confused with the Warsaw Convention (airlines), and the Treaty of Warsaw (1970) between West Germany and the People s Republic of Poland. Warsaw Treaty Organization of Friendship, Cooperation, and Mutual Assistance Military alliance …   Wikipedia

  • Warsaw Pact — or Warsaw Treaty Organization Military alliance of the Soviet Union, Albania (until 1968), Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland, and Romania, formed in 1955 in response to West Germany s entry into NATO. Its terms included a… …   Universalium

  • Warsaw Pact — noun a) A pact (long term alliance treaty) signed on May 14, 1955 in Warsaw by the Soviet Union and its Communist military allies in Europe The Warsaw Pact formalized Moscows dominance in Europes east b) The Warsaw Treaty Organization which was… …   Wiktionary

  • Warsaw Pact —    Officially named the Treaty of Friendship, Cooperation and Mutual Assistance, the pact was a military and economic alliance of the Marxist–Leninist Eastern Bloc countries signed in 1955 to consolidate resistance to the North Atlantic Treaty… …   Historical dictionary of Marxism

  • Warsaw Pact — /ˈwɔsɔ pækt/ (say wawsaw pakt) noun (formerly, 1955–91) a military alliance comprising Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland, Romania, and the Soviet Union; functions ceased with reunification of Germany in 1990; officially… …   Australian English dictionary

  • Warsaw Pact invasion of Czechoslovakia — Invasion of Czechoslovakia redirects here. For the events of 1938, see German occupation of Czechoslovakia. Warsaw Pact invasion of Czechoslovakia Part of the Cold War Date 20 August 1968 – 20 September 1968 Lo …   Wikipedia

  • Persecution of Christians in Warsaw Pact countries — Before and after the October Revolution of November 7, 1917 (October 25 Old Calendar) there was a movement within the Soviet Union to unite all of the people of the world under Communist rule (see Communist International). This included the… …   Wikipedia

  • Warsaw Village Band — ( pl. Kapela ze wsi Warszawa) is a band from Warsaw, Poland, that plays traditional Polish folk music tunes combined with modern elements. About the band According to the band s creative manifesto, it was formed as a response to mass culture and… …   Wikipedia

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